Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillators (TCXOs) give much tighter frequency stabilities than standard clock oscillators. The frequency over temperature change of the quartz crystal is internally monitored and compensated for using a similar process to that used inside a VCXO. As a result the frequency change seen on the output is significantly reduced. Some temperature compensated voltage controlled crystal oscillators also give a further fine tuning function to allow the customer to make changes to the output frequency while the circuit is active.
IQD uses the code TCXO to denote our temperature compensated quartz crystal oscillator part numbers and the code TVXO to denote our temperature compensated quartz crystal oscillators with additional voltage control function within our part numbers.
The electrical parameters are given on the specification to facilitate the correct circuit design. Further guidance can be found in the Application Notes chapter of this book. Our Application Support team can also provide assistance if required; please contact one of our sales offices for this support.
The limits given in the following specifications are indicative of the standard TCXO/TVXO oscillator design, in the event that a specification is needed which is outside the standard TCXO/TVXO oscillator designs offered please contact our Sales team.
A typical TCXO specification reads like this:
Clipped Sine ±2.5ppm –30 to 80C 3.0V ±5ppm min
The data in the example above is translated in the following order
- Frequency Stability
- Operating Temperature Range
- Supply Voltage
- Frequency Adjustment
The following notes define each element of the specification.
Frequency is normally specified in kilohertz (kHz) up to 999.999kHz and in megahertz (MHz) from 1.0MHz. All our computer-generated transaction documents follow this standard convention automatically.
The frequency should be specified to seven significant figures. If seven significant figures are not used, we assume that any figure that might follow those given may be taken as zero. Thus a frequency given as 16.6MHz will be taken as 16.60, not 16.6666.
The model incorporates information which describes output compatibility, holder style and supply voltge.
TCXO Frequency Stability
The frequency stability is the frequency change over the operating temperature range.
In tight tolerance applications it may be necessary to apply a frequency offset at 25°C in order to centralise the frequency/temperature characteristic to the nominal frequency. If applicable this will be stated in the individual data sheet.
The following are common frequency stabilities:
TCXO Operating Temperature Ranges
Although in general these devices will continue to operate outside their normal temperature range with a degradation in frequency stability, damage can result if the temperatures reached are excessive.
The following are common operating temperature ranges:
0 to 50°C
–10 to 60°C
–20 to 70°C
–25 to 75°C
–30 to 75°C
–30 to 85°C
–40 to 85°C
In order to meet their specification over their full operating temperature range, close tolerance devices are often adjusted to have a frequency offset at room temperature, therefore adjustment of the mechanical trimmers of such devices should not be attempted unless facilities exist to measure their frequency over their full operating temperature range.
Additional Text Code
If the product is non-standard, the letter ‘E’ and/or ‘T’ will appear at the end of the product specification. This refers to additional text on the quotation/sales order to identify the non-standard requirements.
Tape and Reel packaging is available as an option on many of the products outlined in this chapter.
Bulk = Bulk packed
Reel = Tape and Reel packed
Dimensions on the drawings are shown only as a guide. Precise dimensions of the holders are available upon request. All dimensions are shown in mm and are nominal unless otherwise stated.
Where space is limited some information may be omitted or truncated at IQD’s discretion. Full product description will be found on the individual batch packaging.
See individual data sheets